Consideration 17 - Water and Energy

Milk goats are best viewed as athletes. They work very hard producing milk. Lets compare them to the bicyclists that are in the Tour de France. They will burn 5000 calories per day. When a goat is milking well she will need 10000 to 12000 calories a day. This is why they have big round bellies. They need the best of food.

The ratio of the amount of water to amounts of energy in infant foods is important. Having enough water enables the kidneys to expel solutes. Hunger triggers the need for food. The amount of food consumed by infants will determine the amount of water consumed. The following data shows that goat milk and breast milk have similar water to energy ratios, so the same amount of water would have the same amount of energy.

Breast milk

“Calorie Information

Amounts Per Selected Serving   246 gms

Calories                      172           (720 kJ)

From Carbohydrate   66.6          (279 kJ)

From Fat                    94.7          (396 kJ)

  From Protein              10.8          (45.2 kJ)

  From Alcohol               0.0           (0.0 kJ)”


Goat Milk 

“Calorie Information

Amounts Per Selected Serving   244 gms

Calories                        168                       (703 kJ)

 From Carbohydrate     42.5                     (178 kJ)

From Fat                      88.8                     (372 kJ)

From Protein                37.1                     (155 kJ)

From Alcohol                 0.0”                     (0.0 kJ)”

These two websites show that goat milk and breastmilk have similar levels of energy per serving.

This data also shows that protein is regarded as a source of energy. Protein that is not used in building or repairing body tissue is burned as energy.

“For humans, food energy typically comes from joining oxygen with carbohydrates, fats, proteins, organic acids, polyols, and ethanol present in the diet.

Fats and ethanol have the greatest amount of food energy per mass, 38 and 30 kJ/g (9 and 7 kcal/g), respectively. Proteins and most carbohydrates have about 17 kJ/g (4 kcal/g).”