Consideration 17 - Water and Energy
The ratio of the amount of water to amounts of energy in infant foods is important. Having enough water enables the kidneys to expel solutes. Hunger triggers the need for food. The amount of food consumed by infants will determine the amount of water consumed. The following data shows that goat milk and breast milk have similar water to energy ratios, so the same amount of water would have the same amount of energy.
Amounts Per Selected Serving 246 gms
Calories 172 (720 kJ)
From Carbohydrate 66.6 (279 kJ)
From Fat 94.7 (396 kJ)
From Protein 10.8 (45.2 kJ)
From Alcohol 0.0 (0.0 kJ)”
Amounts Per Selected Serving 244 gms
Calories 168 (703 kJ)
From Carbohydrate 42.5 (178 kJ)
From Fat 88.8 (372 kJ)
From Protein 37.1 (155 kJ)
From Alcohol 0.0” (0.0 kJ)”
These two websites show that goat milk and breastmilk have similar levels of energy per serving.
This data also shows that protein is regarded as a source of energy. Protein that is not used in building or repairing body tissue is burned as energy.
“For humans, food energy typically comes from joining oxygen with carbohydrates, fats, proteins, organic acids, polyols, and ethanol present in the diet.
Fats and ethanol have the greatest amount of food energy per mass, 38 and 30 kJ/g (9 and 7 kcal/g), respectively. Proteins and most carbohydrates have about 17 kJ/g (4 kcal/g).”